Our memory takes a variety of different forms. We understand that storing a memory means we are storing information. However, depending on the what information we store and how long we store it ultimately determines what type of memory is being used. The primary categories of memory include long-term memory and short-term memory (also known as our ‘working memory’). The actual category of memory being used depends on the length of time the memory is being stored. Both categories (long term and short term memories) can weaken as a result of age, clinical conditions that impact memory, and a number of other reasons.
Types of Memory
To learn more about the two major categories of memory (long-term and short-term) click on the links below:
- Short-Term Memory
Short-term memory, which is closely related to ‘working’ memory, is the brief period of time that you hold something in mind before either transferring it to your long-term memory or dismiss it.
- Long-Term Memory
Our brain’s system for storing, managing, and retrieving information is known as ‘long-term memory’.
Different Types of Long-Term Memory
It should come as no surprise that long-term memories are much more complex than short-term memories. Separate memory systems are used to store the different types of information such as life experiences, languages, procedures, etc.
- Implicit Memory
Being able to do things by rote requires ‘implicit’ memory. This memory is a major form of long-term memory not requiring any conscious thought.
- Explicit Memory
Most people have ‘explicit’ memory in mind when they think of memory. Also known as ‘declarative’ memory, this is a type of long-term memory that requires conscious thought.
- Autobiographical Memory
Remembering certain parts of your life better than others is referred to as the ‘memory bump’ and is directly related to your autobiographical memory. Find out if you have one!